Publié le 15/04/2015 - Mis à jour le 27/06/2017

The New Provence-Côte d’Azur railway line (LNPCA)

La réalisation d’une ligne nouvelle entre Marseille, Toulon et Nice doit permettre de constituer un système ferroviaire performant pour la région Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, en reliant ses trois principales métropoles. Cette ligne vise à faciliter les déplacements quotidiens, en offrant une alternative à la route et en complétant le seul axe ferroviaire existant du littoral. Elle contribuera à ouvrir la région PACA sur les autres régions françaises, à désenclaver l'Est de ce territoire, et à poursuivre la réalisation de l'arc ferroviaire méditerranéen Barcelone-Gênes.


February-July 2005

Public meetings (definition of project aims)


Additional studies conducted by RFF (SNCF Réseau since 2015) to assess 14 scenarios


“Southern Metropolitan Areas” scenario was selected (new line to pass through Marseille, Toulon and Nice)


Steering Committee initiated the preliminary studies for the public utility enquiry and the 1st phase of the consultation process was held on the different scenarios and passage zones


Information provided and public consulted about the preferred passage zone


Initiation of phase 2 of the preliminary studies for the public utility enquiry, in order to define the route to be submitted (these steps were organised as part of the ongoing consultation process in the region)


Preparation of the approved public utility enquiry submission for the priority 1 works

By 2030

Scheduled commissioning of the new railway systems in Marseille and Nice

Moving towards a project for a new line

The dialogue with the regional stakeholders transformed a high-speed line project into a project for the creation of a new line. This new line will meet the expectations of the region and its priority will focus on daily travel needs.

The new line will be constructed in stages

In accordance with the French government’s decision of 9 July 2013, this project’s phases will be based on three priorities:

  • Priority 1 – dedicated to Marseille and Côte d'Azur bottlenecks. Stage to be completed by 2030.
  • Priority 2 – dedicated to Aubagne-Toulon and East Var-Siagne segments. Works to be undertaken between 2030 and 2050.
  • The ambition – after 2050 – is to construct the Toulon-East Var and Nice-Italy sections. This will totally complete the project.

For the two priority 1 programmes, the ministerial decision on 7 May 2014 approved the preferred passage zones in both areas.

The priority 1 and 2 projects alone will account for 80% of the expected traffic gains of the total project, and nearly 90% of the time gains (with less than 75% of the total investment).

Thanks to the priority works to decongest the Marseille and Côte d'Azur bottlenecks, by 2030 it will also be possible to welcome 8 million additional passengers per year, including 7 million in the TER regional trains.

The PACA region welcomes 30,000 new inhabitants per year. In addition, 80 million passengers are expected on the New Provence-Côte d’Azur line by 2023 and 110 million in 2040. Each year before 2030 the number of transported passengers is expected to increase by 8 million. Thanks to this new infrastructure, 2 million hours of traffic jams will be avoided each year between Cannes and Nice. At present motorists lose up to 10 days per year in traffic jams in the Aix metropolitan area and 6 days in those of the Nice area. 82% of the inhabitants of the PACA region support the construction of the line. In this project, €6.4 billion have been allocated to the decongestion by 2030 of the railway bottlenecks between Marseille and Nice.

A project conducted in consultation with the region

The consultation process for this project began with public meetings in 2005 and continued until 2014. It included all the stakeholders involved in this major project: elected officials, citizens, railway service users, socio-economic parties, etc. This common reflexion took place in the form of working and focus groups dedicated to a geographical area or particular subject (e.g. agriculture and viticulture, railway stations, etc.) The next stage in the consultation process will be held in early 2016 and will be dedicated to route proposals for the new Marseille and Côte d’Azur railway systems.

Co-financing partners

The co-financing partners of the preliminary studies for the public utility enquiry related to the LNPCA project are the following:

  • French State
  • Principality of Monaco
  • PACA region
  • Bouches-du-Rhône, Var and Alpes-Maritimes departments
  • Pays d’Aix and Toulon-Provence-Méditerranée Urban Communities
  • Marseille-Provence-Metropolitan Urban Community
  • Nice-Côte d’Azur Metropolitan Area
  • European Union
  • SNCF Réseau.

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